Salt toxicity tolerance in wheat

This subset contains materials that are tolerant to elevated concentration of salt (Sodium chloride) in the soil.

Salt (NaCl) affected plants may be wilted, even though soil moisture seems adequate. Leaves may look dull, and the leaf tips or margins may appear to be grayish. Plants suffering from salt stress can be stunted and are blue-green in color, with tip burn and firing on the leaf margins.

If the salt toxicity is severe, the tissue along the leaf margins may become yellow and die. When plants grow in salty soils their growth is reduced; leaves and tillers do not expand. As salt accumulates in tissues it kills the leaves and eventually whole plants. The higher the salinity level the more rapidly effects become obvious and the lower the yield. Salt crystals are on the soil surface.

Crop production strategies that rely solely on growing salt tolerant crop varieties to combat soil salt toxicity should proceed with caution, as a cycle of increasing soil salt accumulation to match the crop tolerance threshold may occur if suitable agronomic practices are not followed. The agronomic management of moderate to high salt content soils must include soil drainage techniques, flushing of accumulated salts, irrigation water quality management, high water table management, together with the use of tolerant crop varieties.

Source: CIMMYT Wheat Germplasm Bank

Crop
Wheat
Number of accessions
26
Creation date
10 June 2019
Published in Genesys
26 June 2019
Subset metadata

Subset creators


Data manager
A. Mujeeb-Kazi International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)

Data and resources


MCPD passport data

MCPD - 071c5f23-4664-4676-9a7d-e2d5cbf8776e.xlsx

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Accessions

List of accessions included in the subset

2. CWI 10990Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • KHARCHIA 65 • Advanced/improved cultivar • IND
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/CF2RU
3. BW 11349Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • SAKHA 8 • Advanced/improved cultivar • EGY
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/B76SG
4. CWI 15271Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • CHINESE SPRING • Genetic stock • USA
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/CJP4W
5. BW 20313Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • SHORAWAKI • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • PAK
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/BDZEY
6. BW 27781Xaegilotriticum sp. • CIGM88.1223-0B • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F4RA2
7. BW 27851Xaegilotriticum sp. • CIGM90.534 • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F4T3P
8. BW 27875XAegilotriticum sp. . • CIGM89.561-0Y • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F4TP4
9. BW 27918Xaegilotriticum sp. • CIGM89.543-3B • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F4VK~
10. BW 27932Xaegilotriticum sp. • CIGM89.567 • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F4VT3
11. BW 27972Xaegilotriticum sp. • CIGM90.873 • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F4X26
12. BW 27976Xaegilotriticum sp. • CIGM90.881 • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F4X6A
13. BW 27995Xaegilotriticum sp. • CIGM92.1611 • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F4XSX
14. BW 28110Xaegilotriticum sp. • CIGM93.226 • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F51C~
15. BW 28149Xaegilotriticum sp. • CIGM93.403 • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F52K=
16. BW 38250Xaegilotriticum sp. • CASW94Y00064S • Genetic stock • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/F55VW
17. BW 38868Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • KRL 1-4 • Advanced/improved cultivar • CAN
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/BRNFQ
18. BW 38979Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • WESTONIA • Advanced/improved cultivar • AUS
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/BRRYQ
19. BW 44195Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • SNH.9 • Advanced/improved cultivar
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/BXHW~
20. CWI 48085Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • PASBAN 90 • Advanced/improved cultivar • PAK
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/D6BJ5
21. CWI 79984Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • TAMMARIN ROCK • Advanced/improved cultivar • AUS
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/E0D20
22. CWI 79985Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • BINNU • Advanced/improved cultivar • AUS
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/E0D31
23. CWI 79993Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • ESPADA • Advanced/improved cultivar • AUS
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/E0DB9
24. CWI 79994Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • MAGENTA • Breeders Line • AUS
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/E0DCA
25. CWI 97938Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • CIGM88.1351-0B-0SY • Breeders Line • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/EFT9N
26. CWI 97944Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum • CIGM88.1239-2B-0SY • Breeders Line • XAE
MEX002 • DOI: 10.18730/EFTFV