Subset

Evaluation of Mchare and Matooke Bananas for Resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Race 1

Fusarium wilt, caused by the soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) race 1, is a major disease of bananas in East Africa. Triploid East African Highland (Matooke) bananas are resistant to Foc race 1, but the response of diploid (Mchare and Muraru) bananas to the fungus is largely unknown. A breeding project was initiated in 2014 to increase crop yield and improve disease and pest resistance of diploid and triploid East African Highland bananas. In this study, eight Mchare cultivars were evaluated for resistance to Foc race 1 in the field in Arusha, Tanzania. In addition, the same eight Mchare cultivars, as well as eight Muraru cultivars, 27 Mchare hybrids, 60 Matooke hybrids and 19 NARITA hybrids were also screened in pot trials.

The diploid Mchare and Muraru cultivars were susceptible to Foc race 1, whereas the responses of Mchare, NARITAs and Matooke hybrids ranged from susceptible to resistant. The Mchare and Matooke hybrids resistant to Foc race 1 can potentially replace susceptible cultivars in production areas severely affected by the fungus. Some newly bred Matooke hybrids became susceptible following conventional breeding, suggesting that new hybrids need to be screened for resistance to all Foc variants.

Crops
Banana
Number of accessions
7
Creation date
1 December 2020

Subset metadata


Subset creators


Data manager
Ndayihanzamaso Privat Department of Plant Pathology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Data manager
Mostert Diane Department of Plant Pathology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Data manager
Matthews Megan Ceris Department of Plant Pathology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Data manager
Mahuku George International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Tanzania
Data manager
Jomanga Kennedy International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Tanzania
Data manager
Mpanda Happyness Justine International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Tanzania
Data manager
Mduma Hassan International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Tanzania
Data manager
Brown Allan International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Tanzania
Data manager
Uwimana Brigitte International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Uganda
Data manager
Swennen Rony International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Tanzania/Laboratory of Tropical Crop Improvement, Katholieke, KUL, Belgium/Bioversity International, Belgium
Data manager
Tumuhimbise Robooni National Agricultural Research Organization, Uganda
Data manager
Viljoen Altus Department of Plant Pathology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

Data and resources


MCPD passport data

MCPD - 329eb276-8a97-4f59-bc0f-c136835b0143.xlsx

Apply custom filters to accessions in this subset

Explore subset accessions on the map

Accessions

List of accessions included in the subset

1. ITC0085Musa aaa subgr. mutika/lujugira • Nakitengwa • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Burundi+ Add to my list
BEL084Bioversity International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre, Belgium • DOI: 10.18730/9J9S8
2. ITC0281Musa aa • Akondro Mainty • Traditional cultivar/Landrace+ Add to my list
BEL084Bioversity International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre, Belgium • DOI: 10.18730/9JP7U
3. ITC1446Musa aa subgr. mshare • Makyughu II • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Tanzania+ Add to my list
BEL084Bioversity International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre, Belgium • DOI: 10.18730/9MTXE
4. ITC1455Musa aa subgr. mshare • Mshale Mlelembo • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Tanzania+ Add to my list
BEL084Bioversity International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre, Belgium • DOI: 10.18730/9MVH$
5. ITC1460Musa aa • Ijihu Inkundu • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Tanzania+ Add to my list
BEL084Bioversity International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre, Belgium • DOI: 10.18730/9MVW8
6. ITC1468Musa aa subgr. mshare • Kahuti • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Tanzania+ Add to my list
BEL084Bioversity International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre, Belgium • DOI: 10.18730/9MWGW
7. ITC1559Musa aa subgr. mshare • Huti green bell • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Tanzania+ Add to my list
BEL084Bioversity International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre, Belgium • DOI: 10.18730/9N35K