Subset

Groundnut mini core collection

Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) breeding programs with a goal of rapid cultivar development have used mainly elite breeding lines and cultivars, which has resulted in the development of breeding materials with a narrow genetic base. Utilization of exotic germplasm resources in breeding programs is needed to enhance the diversity of cultivars.

Scientific plant breeding and its need for large variability, concern about potential loss of variability, and nonavailability of low cost tools to identify similarities or differences among accessions led genebanks to hold large germplasm collections.

Core collections, generally contain about 10% of total accessions, represent the genetic variability of entire germplasm collection, and have been suggested as a way to enhance use of genetic resources in crop improvement. The objective of this study was to develop a peanut mini core subset. The peanut core subset was evaluated for morphological, agronomic, and quality traits in the rainy and postrainy seasons. Ward’s method of clustering was used to separate core collection accessions into groups of similar accessions. A mini core subset consisting of 184 accessions was selected. Newman Keuls’ test for means, Levene’s test for variances, and chi-square test for frequency distribution analysis for different traits indicated that the variation available in the core collection has been preserved in the mini core subset. This mini core subset will enhance exploitation of peanut genetic resources.

Subset metadata


Subset creators


Data curator
Hari D. Upadhyaya ICRISAT
Data digitizer
A. Venkata Narayana ICRISAT

Data and resources


MCPD passport data

MCPD - 60d8c619-9935-4db2-89c6-67d29ef98787.xlsx

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Accessions

List of accessions included in the subset

1. ICG 36Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • RS 118 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RHWH3
2. ICG 76Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • T 27 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RHXS6
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RHXYB
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RHYW4
5. ICG 115Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • EC 1-1 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RHZ08
6. ICG 118Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • TG 9 • Advanced/improved cultivar • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RHZ3B
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJ0GK
8. ICG 188Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • PB 148/41 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJ197
9. ICG 297Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • Tirik;NCAC 573 • Advanced/improved cultivar • Mauritius+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJ4P5
10. ICG 332Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • NCAC 741 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Brazil+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJ5S3
11. ICG 334Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • NCAC 751 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • China+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJ5V5
12. ICG 397Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • NCAC 1336;Spanish white • Breeding/Research Material • United States of America+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJ7TZ
13. ICG 434Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • NCAC 2859;Ga 191 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • United States of America+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJ8ZZ
14. ICG 442Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • NCAC 2895;Ga 119 • Breeding/Research Material • United States of America+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJ972
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJBEU
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJC1J
17. ICG 721Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • 6842 • Other • United States of America+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJHYP
18. ICG 862Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • C 121 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJPBF
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJPRW
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJRD7
21. ICG 1137Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • Sulebhani bijapur • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJYYZ
22. ICG 1142Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • 28-204 • Breeding/Research Material • Benin+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RJZ3U
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RK37M
24. ICG 1399Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • U 2-4-1 • Breeding/Research Material • Malawi+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RK74$
25. ICG 1415Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • U 2-24-5;JE 59 • Breeding/Research Material • Senegal+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RK7MD
26. ICG 1519Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • #3277 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RKAW6
27. ICG 1668Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • NCAC 2730 • Breeding/Research Material • United States of America+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RKFH7
28. ICG 1711Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • DHT 191;Perlita;NCAC 17138 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Bolivia+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RKGWD
29. ICG 1973Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • Kopergaon 3 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RKS2G
30. ICG 2019Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • AH 2184 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RKTGS
31. ICG 2106Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • Small Japan • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RKX71
32. ICG 2381Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • NCAC 17123 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Brazil+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RM5TH
33. ICG 2511Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • C 21 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RM9WU
34. ICG 2772Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • Kano 50 • Breeding/Research Material • Nigeria+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RMJ11
35. ICG 2773Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • Kanyoma • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Tanzania+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RMJ22
36. ICG 2777Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • Limdi 219-3 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RMJ66
37. ICG 2857Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • US 57 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Argentina+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RMMPC
38. ICG 2925Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • C 145-12-P-16 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RMPT6
39. ICG 3027Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • HG 3 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RMT0$
40. ICG 3053Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • #275 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RMTTQ
41. ICG 3102Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • AH 4515 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RMWB=
42. ICG 3240Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • U 4-4-23;B 688: TS 77 • Breeding/Research Material • Uganda+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RN0NS
43. ICG 3343Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • Four seeded • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RN3WH
44. ICG 3421Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • NG 268 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RN6AN
45. ICG 3584Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • 45-27 • Breeding/Research Material • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RNBDU
46. ICG 3673Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • Chungja • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Republic of Korea+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RNE6E
47. ICG 3681Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • B 227 • Other • United States of America+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RNEEP
48. ICG 3746Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • U 4-47-21;Strain 6608 • Breeding/Research Material • Argentina+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RNGFD
49. ICG 3775Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. fastigiata Waldron • Porte alegre • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Brazil+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RNHC5
50. ICG 3992Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea L. • Local 3 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/RNR50