Subset

Foxtail millet mini core collection

Foxtail millet is an important staple crop in some parts of China, India and Japan, and a potential bioenergy source. The grains are rich source of protein, fiber, minerals and vitamins. We had earlier reported the development of a core collection (155 accessions) of foxtail millet. This study was initiated to identify trait-specific germplasm for agronomic and nutritional traits, and to develop a mini core through multi-locational evaluation of the foxtail millet core collection.

One hundred and fiftyfive accessions together with five controls (four common and one location-specific control) were evaluated for 21 descriptors at five agro-ecologically diverse locations in India during the 2008 rainy season. The experiment was conducted in an alpha design with three replications at Patancheru, and in an augmented design with one of the five controls repeated after every nine test entries at other locations. A number of diverse germplasm accessions with agronomically (earliness and high grain yield) and nutritionally (high seed protein, calcium, iron and zinc) superior traits were identified for use in foxtail millet breeding.

The hierarchical cluster analysis of data using phenotypic distances resulted in 25 clusters, from each cluster, ∼10% or a minimum of one accession was selected to form a mini core, which comprised of 35 accessions. The comparison of mean, variance, frequency distribution, diversity (H’) and phenotypic correlations revealed that the mini core indeed captured adequate variability from the core collection. This mini core collection is an ideal pool of diverse germplasm for studying population structure and diversity, and identifying new sources of variation for use in breeding and genomics studies in foxtail millet.

Crops
Foxtail millet
Number of accessions
35
Creation date
August 12, 2011

Subset metadata


Subset creators


Data curator
Hari D. Upadhyaya ICRISAT
Data digitizer
A. Venkata Narayana ICRISAT
Data collector
Vetriventhan Mani ICRISAT
Data manager
Vania C.R.Azevedo ICRISAT

Data and resources


MCPD passport data

MCPD - 7ca62d86-9a92-46d4-9ce9-a28c34bd83f5.xlsx

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Accessions

List of accessions included in the subset

IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCW9*
2. ISe 132Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Kangani • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCZ3B
3. ISe 375Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Koni dhan • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD4AY
4. ISe 507Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • M 235;B 35 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Kenya+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD5Z9
5. ISe 663Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • FAO # 11324 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Switzerland+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD6KX
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD6S=
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD705
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD7TZ
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD7X$
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD800
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD90*
12. ISe 907Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • SE 201 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDCW8
13. ISe 963Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • SE 3045 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDEMV
14. ISe 1037Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • IPM 1626 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Lebanon+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDGYV
15. ISe 1161Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • NESE 87-2;3881-2 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Syria+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDMT3
16. ISe 1181Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • EC 130490 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • China+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDNEQ
17. ISe 1209Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • WIR 864 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Russia+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDPAE
18. ISe 1254Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • WIR 1346 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Russia+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDQQP
19. ISe 1269Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • EC 134287 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Republic of South Africa+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDR60
20. ISe 1299Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • PI 250025 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Iran+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDS4Y
21. ISe 1302Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • PI 207502 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Afghanistan+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDS7~
22. ISe 1305Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • PI 283988 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Spain+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDSAU
23. ISe 1335Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • PI 290461 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Hungary+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDT8X
24. ISe 1338Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • PI 173805 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Turkey+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDTB*
25. ISe 1387Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • EC 135535 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Sri Lanka+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDVW7
26. ISe 1474Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • EC 155192-1 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • United Kingdom+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDYKM
27. ISe 1563Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Wooljin 7 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Republic of Korea+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QE1C=
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QE2V8
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QE48G
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QE58B
31. ISe 1736Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Acc No. 6542 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Nepal+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QE6SQ
32. ISe 1745Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Shwe sutkon • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Myanmar [Burma]+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QE72*
33. ISe 1820Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Wari;ISe 231 A • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QE9D~
34. ISe 1888Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Roll boer mann;ISe 410 B • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Ethiopia+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QEBHV
35. ISe 1892Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • ISe 472 A • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • United States of America+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QEBNZ