Subset

Foxtail millet core collection

Foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.) is one of the ten small millets and is cultivated in 23 countries. The foxtail millet is valued as a crop of short duration, which is good as food, feed and fodder. In general, grain yield levels of foxtail millet are low in comparison with other staple cereals. The greater use of diverse germplasm in breeding is suggested as a means to improve the productivity of this crop.

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics genebank is presently holding 1474 cultivated germplasm accessions from 23 countries. To utilize this diversity in research, a core collection (10% of the entire collection) was established using the taxonomic and qualitative traits data. The germplasm accessions were stratified into three taxonomic races (Indica, Maxima and Moharia). Principal coordinate analysis was performed on 12 qualitative traits for each of the biological races, separately that resulted in the formation of 29 clusters. From each cluster, 10% of the accessions were selected to constitute a core collection of 155 accessions.

The composition and diversity of the core collection was validated by the chi-square-tests of the frequencies of origin, races, subraces and data on qualitative traits. The analysis of the quantitative traits for mean, range, variance, Shannon–Weaver diversity index and phenotypic associations indicated that the diversity from the entire collection was optimally represented in the core collection. The core subset will be evaluated in replicated trials to make a more precise assessment of diversity and further efforts to identify the sources of agronomic and grain nutritional traits for utilization in breeding programmes.

Subset metadata


Subset creators


Data manager
Vania C. R. Azevedo ICRISAT
Data curator
Hari D. Upadhyaya ICRISAT
Data collector
Vetriventhan Mani ICRISAT
Data digitizer
A. Venkata Narayana ICRISAT

Data and resources


MCPD passport data

MCPD - d954a835-155e-47ba-920e-77d9865fefed.xlsx

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Accessions

List of accessions included in the subset

IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCW9*
2. ISe 18Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Korralu • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCWRA
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCX4P
4. ISe 49Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Tangun • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCXH=
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCYEV
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCYJZ
7. ISe 132Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Kangani • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCZ3B
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCZEP
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCZR*
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QCZS~
11. ISe 179Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Mosu tenai • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD0AD
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD0SW
13. ISe 200Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Vellai tenai • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD0Y~
14. ISe 237Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Hirlla navne • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD1MJ
15. ISe 238Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Chandra navne tenai • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD1NK
16. ISe 254Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Mobbu navne • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD21Z
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD2E7
18. ISe 289Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Bili navne • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD31T
19. ISe 302Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Kangni • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD3BU
20. ISe 362Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Kangni • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD42P
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD44R
22. ISe 375Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Koni dhan • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD4AY
23. ISe 388Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Tangun • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD4H0
24. ISe 398Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Kangni • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD4T9
25. ISe 403Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Kuruvai kepai • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • India+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD4XC
26. ISe 458Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • PI 219948 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Afghanistan+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD5DW
27. ISe 480Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Var. hungsheku • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • China+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD5S3
28. ISe 507Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • M 235;B 35 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Kenya+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD5Z9
29. ISe 525Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • PI 251395 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Iran+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD65F
30. ISe 663Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • FAO # 11324 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Switzerland+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD6KX
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD6S=
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD6Y3
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD705
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD7GN
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD7TZ
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD7V*
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD7X$
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD800
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD877
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD8JJ
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD8MM
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD90*
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD92$
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD994
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD9C7
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD9D8
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QD9YS
48. ISe 827Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • SE 290-457 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • China+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDAC2
49. ISe 828Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv. • Paichanku • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • China+ Add to my list
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDAD3
IND002International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India • DOI: 10.18730/QDAQD