ICARDA SYR002

International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas

المؤسسات والشبكات:

المُدخلات في جينيسيس:

مجموعات بيانات إضافية في جينيسيس:

317

أكثر المحاصيل تمثيلًا

Wheat
43,924
Barley
32,790
Forages
26,897
Faba bean
16,596
Chickpea
15,749
أخر
20,729
غير مُحدد
601

أكثر أسماء المحاصيل تمثيلاً

43,922
32,790
26,897
15,749

أكثر الأجناس المُمثلة

38,736
32,871
16,681
15,749
14,622

أكثر الأنواع المُمثلة

مؤشر اكتمال بيانات الهوية

متوسط مجموع مؤشر اكتمال بيانات الهوية (PDCI) لـ157,286 مُدخل هو 7.06، مع مجموع أدنى 1.00 ومجموع أقصى 10.00.

اقرأ عن مؤشر اكتمال بيانات الهوية

آخر تحديث لبيانات الهوية

نبذة

ICARDA holds almost 150,000 accessions, largely of its mandate crops – barleywheat, food legumes, forage legumes and temperate range species – and 1,400 strains of the Rhizobiumbacteria that enable legumes to fix nitrogen. About 21% of accessions are wild relatives, which are likely to become increasingly important as sources of the genetic diversity needed to cope with challenges such as climate change. More than 65% are traditional varieties or landraces.

Researchers at ICARDA and in the global community use the genebank accessions in research and to develop new, improved varieties. Over the past decade, the genebank distributed more than 200,000 samples to 65 countries.

Scientists at ICARDA have pioneered a new approach to the discovery of valuable genetic traits, known as Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy. FIGS improves the use of genetic resources by pre-selecting those accessions that are most likely to contain the traits of interest to solve a particular breeding challenge, such as tolerance to heat or resistance to a specific disease.

The genebank was established in 1983, at ICARDA’s headquarters in Aleppo, Syria. Even before the unrest in Syria, the genebank had begun to store safety duplicates of its collections not only at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault but also at collaborating genebanks around the world. The value of these duplicate collections became obvious when the Syrian uprising threatened the very existence of the genebank.

In late 2015 ICARDA started to retrieve many of its accessions from Svalbard to be restored in new genebank facilities in Lebanon and Morocco. For ICARDA’s efforts in protecting the genebank and its accessions, the Gregor Mendel Foundation awarded the genebank its Gregor Mendel Innovation Prize in March 2015.

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