Ploidy of Andean Root and Tuber Crops

1994.2018

The ploidy level and number of chromosomes of 1266 accessions from the Andean roots and tuber collection (arracacha 36, achira 29, ahipa 31, maca 15, oca 810, ulluco 326 and yacon 19) were estimated using a flow cytometry and/or chromosome count of stained meristematic cells of root tips under an optical microscope.

The International Potato Center (CIP) germplasm collection of Andean Roots and Tubers Species conserves 2526 accessions that belong to nine different crops: Oca (Oxalis tuberosa), Ulluco (Ullucus tuberosus), Mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum), Achira (Canna indica) Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius), Arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza), Maca (Lepidium meyenii), Ahipa (Pachyrhizus spp.), and Mauka (Mirabilis expansa), including cultivated and wild germplasm of each crop. The chromosomes basic number is different in each species (x=8 maca, x=12 ulluco, x=11 ahipa, x=8 oca, x=9 achira, x=11 arracacha), being able to exist in some species more than one level of ploidy (diploids and triploids in achira, diploids, triploids and tetraploids in ulluco) and even allopolyploidy (octoploids and dodecaploids in yacon).

Nivel de ploidía de germoplasma de Raíces y Tubérculos Andinos

El número de cromosomas y el nivel de ploidía de 1266 accesiones de la colección de raíces y tubérculos Andinos (arracacha 36, achira 29, ahipa 31, maca 15, oca 810, ulluco 326 y yacon 19) fueron determinados usando citometría de flujo y/o conteo de cromosomas de células meristemáticas de raíces en un microscopio óptico.

La colección de germoplasma de raíces y tubérculos andinos del Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP) está conformada por 2526 accesiones pertenecientes a nueve cultivos: Oca (Oxalis tuberosa), Ulluco (Ullucus tuberosus), Mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum), Achira (Canna indica) Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius), Arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza), Maca (Lepidium meyenii), Ahipa (Pachyrhizus spp.), y Mauka (Mirabilis expansa), incluyendo variedades cultivadas y parientes silvestres. El número básico de cromosomas es diferente en cada especie (x=8 maca, x=12 ulluco, x=11 ahipa, x=8 oca, x=9 Achira, x=11 arracacha), pudiendo existir en algunas especies más de un nivel de ploidía (diploides y triploides en achira, diploides, triploides y tetraploides en ulluco) e incluso alopoliploidía (octoploides y dodecaploides en yacon).

Partner
Crop name
Andean root and tuber crops
Number of accessions
1,261
Number of traits
1
Start of evaluation
1994
End of evaluation
2018
Dataset metadata

Dataset creators

Data curator
Ivan Manrique International Potato Center (CIP)
Data collector
Roberto Gonzales International Potato Center (CIP)
Data collector
Francisco Vivanco International Potato Center (CIP)
Data curator
Carlos Arbizu International Potato Center (CIP)

Dataset use and licensing


Data and resources

Ploidy of Andean Root and Tuber Crops

Dataset_ARTC_ChromosomeNumber.xlsx

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Dataset metadata

Metadata.xlsx

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MCPD passport data

MCPD - cbc7b3f2-40ef-4c01-a2a2-ce317568b39f.xlsx

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Data provider contact information

Address
Lima, Peru

Other Metadata

Date of dataset
1994
Metadata create date
19 July 2019
Metadata updated date
7 October 2019
Published in Genesys
7 October 2019
Locations
Location
La Molina, Lima, Peru
Date of evaluation
19942018
Description

Laboratorios del Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP)

ISO3 country code
PER
Traits observed

Somatic chromosome number

Accessions

List of accessions included in the dataset

2. CIP 201002Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Paucar oca • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/22
3. CIP 201003Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ccantu de Huancaraní • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/33
4. CIP 201004Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Zapallu de Huancaraní • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/44
5. CIP 201005Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Anaranjado de Ocongate • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/55
6. CIP 201006Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco verde oscuro • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/66
7. CIP 201007Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco verde claro • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/77
8. CIP 201008Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco amarillo • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/88
9. CIP 201009Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco violeta • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/99
10. CIP 201010Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco blanco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/AA
11. CIP 201011Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco rosado • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/BB
12. CIP 201012Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco azafrán • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/CC
13. CIP 201013Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco azafrán • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/DD
14. CIP 201015Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco rosado • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/FF
15. CIP 201016Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Naranja de Contumazá • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/GG
16. CIP 201017Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco blanco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/HH
17. CIP 201018Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Rosado pecoso • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/JJ
18. CIP 201019Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco rosado • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/KK
19. CIP 201020Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco rosado • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/MM
20. CIP 201021Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco rosado • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/NN
21. CIP 201022Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco verde • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/PP
22. CIP 201023Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco blanco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/QQ
23. CIP 201024Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Amarillo ñato • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/RR
24. CIP 201025Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Olluco rosado • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/SS
25. CIP 201026Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Olluco percala • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/TT
26. CIP 201027Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Olluco amarillo limeño • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/VV
27. CIP 201028Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Olluco amarillo chico • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/WW
28. CIP 201029Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Olluco chinchango • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/XX
29. CIP 201030Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Olluco blanco chico • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/YY
30. CIP 201032Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Olluco blogo ahumado • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/10*
31. CIP 201033Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Olluco limeño • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/11~
32. CIP 201034Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/12$
33. CIP 201035Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/13=
34. CIP 201036Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/14U
35. CIP 201038Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/150
36. CIP 201039Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/161
37. CIP 201040Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/172
38. CIP 201041Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Ulluco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/183
39. CIP 201049Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Chaucha amarilla • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/194
40. CIP 201050Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Blanco percala • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1A5
41. CIP 201051Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Blanco • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1B6
42. CIP 201052Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Rosado • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1C7
43. CIP 201053Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Pavón • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1D8
44. CIP 201054Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Limeño • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1E9
45. CIP 201057Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Mullo • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1FA
46. CIP 201058Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Amarillo • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1GB
47. CIP 201060Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Colorado chico • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1HC
48. CIP 201062Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Rosado • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1JD
49. CIP 201064Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • QanK'o cheq'e • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1MF
50. CIP 201065Ullucus tuberosus Caldas subsp. tuberosus • Rosado cheq'e chequiña • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Peru+ Add to My list
PER001Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru • DOI: 10.18730/1NG