Sesame accessions were planted in Kibwezi and assesed for their morphological diversity. The results indicate that the accessions held at genebank are variable interms of Kernel characteristics, plant height and days to maturity.
In grams per plant for not less than 10 plants .
National accession number
A unique number representing each germplasm.
Susceptibility to lodging is taken before harvest on a scale similar to percentages.
Absence or presence of pigments recorded on a mature plant.
Shape of stem
Stem shape in cross section.
Visual classification of plant type.
Hairiness of leaf recorded on ventral surface of bottom leaves.
Days to 50% flowering
Counted as number of days from sowing to 50% of plants start pod setting.
Capsules per axil
Visual classification of no. of capsules per leaf axil.
Locules of capsule
Number of chambers(locules) counted from a cross section of a capsule.
Number of nodes to first flower
Number of nodes on the main stem.
Seeds per capsule
Mean no. of seeds per capsule.
Length of capsule
Mean length in mm from shoulder to shoulder.
Height of plant at maturity. Mean height of 5 random plant measured in cm.
Days to 50% emergence
Counted as days from sowing to 50% of seedling emergence.
Branches per plant
No. of branches per plant. Average of 5 random plant from the middle of the plot.
Recorded at onset of flowering.
Recorded at dehiscence.
Visual measurement of the colour of the flower at 50% flowering.
Capsules per plant
Counted as no. of pods per plant. Mean of 5 random plants from the middle of the plot.
Attachment of the seeds to the placenta when capsule dehisce.
Mean value from the main stem of 5 plants.
Description of the capsules used for capsules length.