Información general

Tomato

Solanum lycopersicum

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is the world’s most important vegetable in terms of cultivated area and harvested volume. Ten countries account for 70%  of the world’s tomato acreage: China, India, Nigeria, Turkey, Egypt, USA, Iran, Russia, Italy and Mexico. The annual global production value is around USD 92 billion.

Tomato and its wild relatives are native to South America. Two separate domestication “events” have been proposed: one taking place in Peru and the other one in Mexico. Tomato was probably introduced to Spain by Hernán Cortés after the capture of Tenochtitlan in 1521, and thence taken to Naples, changing Italian food forever. The domestication of tomato was furthered in Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries, resulting in the crop as it is known today. From England, tomatoes were spread to the Middle East and to North America.

One of the most important wild tomato collections in the world is held at the Tomato Genetics Resource Center in Davis, California. Its accessions are listed in Genesys, together with other important tomato collections located in the USA, Taiwan, Russia and Spain.

Tomatoes breeders have greatly benefited from the wild genepool of the crop. More than fifty traits have been successfully transferred from wild relatives to commercial tomato varieties, including higher content of solids (a highly desirable trait in the food industry), increased tolerance to drought, and longer shelf life. 

Nombre original
Tomato
Accesiones en genesys
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Instituciones poseedoras
TWN001
USA003
USA974
USA176
UKR021
Otros
10,269
País de la institución poseedora
Otros
6,804
Géneros más representados
Solanum
Lycopersicon
Lycopersicum
Calamagrostis
Vigna
Especies más representadas
Solanum lycopersicum
Lycopersicon esculentum
Solanum pimpinellifolium
Solanum peruvianum
Solanum habrochaites
Otros
1,993