Datos de la institución

International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas

ICARDA holds almost 150,000 accessions, largely of its mandate crops – barley, wheat, food legumes, forage legumes and temperate range species – and 1,400 strains of the Rhizobium bacteria that enable legumes to fix nitrogen. About 21% of accessions are wild relatives, which are likely to become increasingly important as sources of the genetic diversity needed to cope with challenges such as climate change. More than 65% are traditional varieties or landraces.

Researchers at ICARDA and in the global community use the genebank accessions in research and to develop new, improved varieties. Over the past decade, the genebank distributed more than 200,000 samples to 65 countries.

Scientists at ICARDA have pioneered a new approach to the discovery of valuable genetic traits, known as Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy. FIGS improves the use of genetic resources by pre-selecting those accessions that are most likely to contain the traits of interest to solve a particular breeding challenge, such as tolerance to heat or resistance to a specific disease because they were collected where those stresses are prevalent.

The genebank was established in 1983, at ICARDA’s headquarters in Aleppo, Syria. Even before the unrest in Syria, the genebank had begun to store safety duplicates of its collections not only at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault but also at collaborating genebanks around the world. The value of these duplicate collections became obvious when the Syrian uprising threatened the very existence of the genebank.

In late 2015, ICARDA started to retrieve many of its accessions from Svalbard to be restored in new genebank facilities in Lebanon and Morocco. For ICARDA’s efforts in protecting the genebank and its accessions, the Gregor Mendel Foundation awarded the genebank its Gregor Mendel Innovation Prize in March 2015.

Código de la institución
Tipo
CGIAR
País
Enlace a la web
Accesiones en Genesys
Ubicación
Latitud
33,88
Longitud
35,5
Cultivos más representados
wheat
forages
barley
chickpea
lentil
Otros
16.166
No especificada
245
Nombres de los cultivos más representados
Wheat
43.920
Forages
33.461
Barley
32.790
Chickpea
15.749
Lentil
14.597
Otros
16.167
No especificada
245
Géneros más representados
Triticum
Hordeum
Vicia
Cicer
Lens
Otros
38.457
No especificada
12
Especies más representadas
Hordeum vulgare
Triticum turgidum
Triticum aestivum
Cicer arietinum
Lens culinaris
Otros
61.557
Últimas actualizaciones de los datos de pasaporte
10 March 2020
9 March 2020
5 March 2020
23 January 2020
22 January 2020
21 January 2020
20 January 2020
14 January 2020
9 January 2020
8 January 2020
7 January 2020
5 January 2020
PDCI: Índice de totalidad de los datos de pasaporte
Genesys usa el PDCI como indicador del grado de totalidad de los datos de pasaporte publicados. El PDCI usa la presencia o ausencia de datos en la documentación de una accesión de un banco genético y tiene en cuenta la presencia o valor de otros datos.(van Hintum et al. 2011)Por ejemplo, una accesión silvestre debe tener una ubicación de colección bien definida pero no necesariamente un nombre de variedad. El PDCI va de 0 a 10, donde 0 es la puntuación mínima asignada a los registros de pasaporte bastante incompletos y 10 es la puntuación máxima asignada a los registros de pasaporte muy completos. Cualquier tipo de accesión, ya sea silvestre, raza autóctona, material para cría o una variedad moderna, puede obtener la puntuación máxima del PDCI.
Número de registros de pasaportes
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Índice de totalidad de los datos de pasaporte (PDCI)
El índice PDCI medio de las accesiones de 156,929 es de 7.28, con una puntuación mínima de 1.85 una puntuación máxima de 10.00.