Genebank details

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical

CIAT's genebank in Cali, Colombia, lists almost 68,000 accessions in Genesys. The vast majority are seed crops, mainly beans, but CIAT also has a mandate to conserve cassava and tropical forages, and those too are held in the genebank. Almost 2000 of the accessions are wild relatives. The CIAT bean collection is the world's largest and most diverse, with more than 44,000 accessions.

Since the collection started in 1978, CIAT has distributed more than 187,000 samples of 37,368 accession to recipients in 164 countries. Accessions are contributing to the breeding of more nutritious and more resilient varieties, not least by CIAT's own breeders.

Cassava is represented by 6592 accessions (883 of which are provided by 33 of the 98 wild relative species of Manihot) stored as microplants in tissue culture. This collection too is considered a global leader because of the number of accessions, their diversity and the geographic range they represent. More than 41,000 samples have been distributed to 69 countries, guaranteed free of the three major viruses thanks to the work of the germplasm health laboratory at CIAT. The laboratory also ensures that seeds of beans and tropical forages are free of pests and diseases.

The tropical forage collection is also a world leader, with more than 23,000 accessions of about 740 species. CIAT and ILRI created the Tropical Forages Database, an online version of an interactive selection tool that helps researchers, farmers and their advisers to find the most appropriate forages.

Safety duplicates of 84% of the bean accessions and 78% of the forages have been placed in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault.

Institute code
COL003
Type
CGIAR
Country
Accessions in Genesys
Location
Latitude
3.24
Longitude
-76.3
Most represented Crops
beans
forages
cassava
Most represented Crop names
beans
38,025
forages
23,140
cassava
6,643
Most represented Genera
Phaseolus
Manihot
Stylosanthes
Desmodium
Centrosema
Other
12,428
Most represented Species
Phaseolus vulgaris
Manihot esculenta
Phaseolus lunatus
Stylosanthes guianensis
Centrosema molle
Other
23,409
Last updates of passport data
17 September 2019
16 September 2019
11 September 2019
21 December 2018
24 October 2018
4 October 2017
Passport Data Completeness Index (PDCI)
Genesys uses the PDCI as an indicator of the completeness of published passport data. The PDCI uses the presence or absence of data points in the documentation of a genebank accession, taking into account the presence or value of other data points (van Hintum et al. 2011). For example, a wild accession should have a well-defined collection site but no variety name. The PDCI ranges from 0 to 10, where 0 is the minimum score assigned to rather incomplete passport records and 10 is the maximum score assigned to very complete passport records. Any type of accession, wild, landrace, breeding material or modern variety, can attain the PDCI’s maximal score.
Number of passport records
20000
15000
10000
5000
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Passport Data Completeness Index (PDCI)
Average PDCI score for 66,836 accessions is 6.94, with minimum score of 2.70 and maximum score of 9.00.