机构详细信息

International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas

ICARDA holds almost 150,000 accessions, largely of its mandate crops – barley, wheat, food legumes, forage legumes and temperate range species – and 1,400 strains of the Rhizobium bacteria that enable legumes to fix nitrogen. About 21% of accessions are wild relatives, which are likely to become increasingly important as sources of the genetic diversity needed to cope with challenges such as climate change. More than 65% are traditional varieties or landraces.

Researchers at ICARDA and in the global community use the genebank accessions in research and to develop new, improved varieties. Over the past decade, the genebank distributed more than 200,000 samples to 65 countries.

Scientists at ICARDA have pioneered a new approach to the discovery of valuable genetic traits, known as Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy. FIGS improves the use of genetic resources by pre-selecting those accessions that are most likely to contain the traits of interest to solve a particular breeding challenge, such as tolerance to heat or resistance to a specific disease because they were collected where those stresses are prevalent.

The genebank was established in 1983, at ICARDA’s headquarters in Aleppo, Syria. Even before the unrest in Syria, the genebank had begun to store safety duplicates of its collections not only at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault but also at collaborating genebanks around the world. The value of these duplicate collections became obvious when the Syrian uprising threatened the very existence of the genebank.

In late 2015, ICARDA started to retrieve many of its accessions from Svalbard to be restored in new genebank facilities in Lebanon and Morocco. For ICARDA’s efforts in protecting the genebank and its accessions, the Gregor Mendel Foundation awarded the genebank its Gregor Mendel Innovation Prize in March 2015.

位置
纬度
33.88
经度
35.5
最具代表性的作物
wheat
forages
barley
chickpea
lentil
其他
16,166
未指定
245
最具代表性的作物名称
Wheat
43,920
Forages
33,461
Barley
32,790
Chickpea
15,749
Lentil
14,597
其他
16,167
未指定
245
最具代表性的属
Triticum
Hordeum
Vicia
Cicer
Lens
其他
38,457
未指定
12
最具代表性的种
Hordeum vulgare
Triticum turgidum
Triticum aestivum
Cicer arietinum
Lens culinaris
其他
61,557
护照数据的上次更新时间
10 March 2020
9 March 2020
5 March 2020
23 January 2020
22 January 2020
21 January 2020
20 January 2020
14 January 2020
9 January 2020
8 January 2020
7 January 2020
5 January 2020
PDCI:护照数据完整性指数
Genesys 会使用 PDCI 作为已发布护照数据的完整性指标。PDCI 使用基因库种质文档中存在或缺失的数据点,以便考虑其他数据点的存在或价值(van Hintum 等人,2011 年)例如,野生种质应具有定义明确的采集站点,但没有品种名称。PDCI 的范围从 0 到 10,其中最低分数 0 表示相当不完整的护照记录,而最高分数 10 则表示非常完整的护照记录。种质的任何类型,野生、地方品种、育种材料或现代变体,都可以达到 PDCI 的最高分。
护照记录的编号
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
护照数据完整性指数 (PDCI)
156,929 份种质的平均 PDCI 得分为 7.28,最低得分为 1.85,最高得分为 10.00。