Genebank details

International Rice Research Institute

The IRRI genebank in Los Baños, Philippines, holds the world's largest collection of rice diversity, with more than 127,000 accessions of cultivated rice and wild relatives. About 38% of the accessions are traditional cultivars or landraces, 11% are breeding materials or advanced cultivars and 3% are wild relatives. (Most of the rest are "not classified".) Over the past 25 years the genebank has distributed about 228,000 samples to 103 countries.

Genebank accessions have been instrumental in creating all of the high-yielding rice varieties released by IRRI over the years. They have also been invaluable to rice breeders in national programmes. A recent study found that 90% of the varieties released by national programmes included at least one IRRI accession in their pedigree.

Except for a small number of wild relatives that cannot be conserved as seed, all accessions are maintained in an active collection at 2-4°C and at -20°C for long-term storage. Seed is tested regularly for viability and regenerated if the germination rate falls below 85%. IRRI is also researching ways to extend the longevity of seeds in storage and to predict viability more accurately.

Characterisation of the accessions for phenotypical and molecular characteristics is an important genebank activity. Data are shared through Genesys and through the International Rice Genebank Collection Information System (IRGCIS). IRRI accessions and scientists also played a large part in the effort to sequence 3000 rice genomes, and IRRI now leads the International Rice Informatics Consortium, which aims to sequence and make data available on as much rice diversity as possible.

About 95% of the accessions at IRRI are safety duplicated both in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault and in the National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation in the USA.

Most represented Crops
Not specified
Most represented Crop names
Not specified
Most represented Genera
Most represented Species
Oryza sativa
Oryza glaberrima
Oryza nivara
Oryza rufipogon
Oryza nivara x sativa
Last updates of passport data
23 February 2021
Passport Data Completeness Index (PDCI)
Genesys uses the PDCI as an indicator of the completeness of published passport data. The PDCI uses the presence or absence of data points in the documentation of a genebank accession, taking into account the presence or value of other data points (van Hintum et al. 2011). For example, a wild accession should have a well-defined collection site but no variety name. The PDCI ranges from 0 to 10, where 0 is the minimum score assigned to rather incomplete passport records and 10 is the maximum score assigned to very complete passport records. Any type of accession, wild, landrace, breeding material or modern variety, can attain the PDCI’s maximal score.
Number of passport records
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Passport Data Completeness Index (PDCI)
Average PDCI score for 132,141 accessions is 6.51, with minimum score of 3.65 and maximum score of 8.80.