一般信息

Andean root and tuber crops

In addition to potato (Solanum spp.) and sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas), there are other nine species of lesser-known root and tuber crops domesticated in the Andes (ARTCs), which play an important role in nutrition, health and food security for thousands of farmer families in highlands: oca, ulluco, mashua, achira, yacon, arracacha, ahipa, maca and mauka.

Most ARTCs are clonally propagated and they are conserved under in vitro conditions. Many accessions are conserved in greenhouses and farmer fields, specifically in a rural community (La Libertad) located above 3800 masl in the department of Junín (11º49 'S and 75º18' W). Only maca and ahipa species are conserved as seeds in cold chambers as they reproduce sexually. 

Although none of the ARTCs is within the Annex 1 of the ITPGRFA, 1178 accessions held in the CIP genebank were acquired before the entry into force of the CBD (December 29, 1993) which allows for unrestricted distribution for research, breeding and training purposes. However, international distribution and use of ARTCs is restricted due to a lack of screening tools to adequately test the phytosanitary status of the collection to meet import permit requirements.

原始名称
Andean root and tuber crops
Genesys 中的种质
ARTCs.jpg
Mashua banco CIP.jpg
P6270050-2.jpg
tuberculos oca.jpg
所属机构
PER001
所属机构所在国家/地区
最具代表性的属
Oxalis
Ullucus
Lepidium
Tropaeolum
Pachyrhizus
其他
168
最具代表性的种
Oxalis tuberosa
Ullucus tuberosus
Tropaeolum tuberosum
Lepidium meyenii
Lepidium bipinnatifidum
其他
586
其他名称
Andean Root and Tubers